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The city of Calgary using data to predict and mitigate floods

Every year, spring rains and snowmelt pour into the rivers and reservoirs that feed the City of Calgary’s water supply. As a result, downtown businesses and residents are faced with unpredictable floods that could do millions of dollars of damage. The City of Calgary turned to the PI System for a data-driven approach to predicting and managing flooding.

Both the Bow and Elbow rivers flow through Calgary’s borders and provide fresh water to the system. These rivers carry the runoff, rainfall, and snowmelt from nearly 9,000 kilometers of land and the water is collected in two primary reservoirs managed by the City of Calgary. To ensure a safe, consistent, supply of water for its customers, the City of Calgary must keep a close eye on both the quality and quantity of water in these rivers and reservoirs. One of the biggest challenges in doing so is the region’s annual floods. Each year, between May and June, snowmelt, runoff, and rainstorms cause the water levels in the rivers to increase substantially. Preparing for flood-level waters is part of the utility’s annual plans, but predicting when, precisely, they would occur was another matter. Water tables can change quickly and the utility must balance flood risks against continuing to meet user demand and maintaining reservoir levels and water quality. During a flood event, the utility is faced with a surge in water volume through its system. Before water reaches the reservoirs, it must be treated and the sudden increase in volume caused by the floods often overwhelmed the treatment plants, resulting in quality issues. Furthermore, City of Calgary lacked timely information that would let it reduce reservoir volume in advance of a flood. As a result, emergency response often struggled to respond as flood waters reached downtown. The resulting damages — including residential and commercial insurance claims, water quality issues, system downtime, and regulatory fines — could total in the millions. To reduce the impact of floods on its customers and its business, City of Calgary, turned to the PI System.

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    OSIsoft delivers the PI System, the industry standard in enterprise infrastructure, for management of real-time data and events. The PI System enables businesses to capture and leverage sensor-based data across the enterprise to improve efficiency, asset health, productivity, sustainability, quality, safety and security. Beyond being just a data historian, the open infrastructure connects data, operations and people to enable real-time operational intelligence and transform operations.
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  • Structural Health Monitoring
    Structural health monitoring solutions ensure the safety and soundness of engineering structures such as a buildings and bridges. Structural health monitoring uses an assortment of sensors to collect and analyze data pertaining to any damage or deterioration that a structure may receive over the course of its life. The data that structural health monitoring systems acquire can help its users avoid structural failures and changes to the material and/or geometric properties of a structural system, including changes to the boundary conditions and system connectivity, which adversely affect the system's performance. The structural health monitoring process involves the observation of a system over time using periodically sampled response measurements from an array of sensors (often inertial accelerometers), the extraction of damage-sensitive features from these measurements, and the statistical analysis of these features to determine the current state of system health. For long term solutions, the output of this process is periodically updated information regarding the ability of the structure to perform its intended function in light of the inevitable aging and degradation resulting from operational environments. After extreme events, such as earthquakes or blast loading, health monitoring is used for rapid condition screening and aims to provide, in near real time, reliable information regarding the integrity of the structure.
  • City of Calgary had been using the PI System to collect real-time data about the status and performance of its entire water treatment and distribution network, including five water and wastewater treatment facilities and more than 200 distributed field devices. City of Calgary decided to expand its PI System to monitor the watershed that feeds the municipal water system and capture information such as river water heights, reservoir water heights, flow rates, and rainfall. This new data allowed City of Calgary to monitor the watershed in real-time and better predict potential floods. Today, City of Calgary operations, maintenance, engineering, planning, • Seasonal floods were a regular but unpredictable occurrence. • First responders had no direct access to data, slowing response time and increasing costs. • Seasonal floods often led to water quality issues and could cause damages that cost millions of dollars. • PI System collects upstream river flows and rainfall data. • First responders have direct access to the PI System and can monitor river levels. • PI System enables better water-quality reporting. • Calgary can better predict seasonal water surges and take preventative measures to prevent flooding and potential damage. • First responders get advanced notice of potential flooding and can response quickly. • Water quality improved and regulators are better informed. and enterprise users can see precisely how much water is in the system from river to reservoir to pipe to sewer using their PI System analysis and visualization tools.

  • Benefit #1

    With accurate information about when floods are likely to take place, PI System data and analysis tools give water system operators more advanced notice so they can take preventative measures to reduce flood impact. For example, operators can begin to reduce the amount of water stored in reservoirs to make room for flood level flows. “We depend entirely on the PI System during the month of June to prepare for flooding,” says Darrol Weiss, Water Services Systems Leader for City of Calgary. “When we’re having floods, we can now look at the mountain river flows and we know how much time it takes for that water to get there.”

    Benefit #2

    This data is also accessible to users throughout the City so they can see when high water volumes are likely to reach their systems and act independently to prepare. For example, the city’s emergency response personnel now use the PI System data to monitor river levels. That knowledge gives emergency responders the time they need to begin applying flood prevention measures — such as sandbagging — to protect residential and business areas.

    Benefit #3

    Water treatment operators use PI System visualizations to monitor sewage collection station flows and prepare treatment facilities to handle higher volumes with different treatment needs, such as more sedimentation. This real-time monitoring and visualization has helped the utility reduce water quality problems during flood events. These improvements are also easier to communicate to the provincial government, using automated reporting powered by the PI System that details both the water treatment process and the water quality test data.

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